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Effects of Rural-Urban Migration on Arable Crop Outputs Among Farming Households in Delta State, Nigeria

JAFE Vol.  9(4): 37-46, 2022
Effects of Rural-Urban Migration on Arable Crop Outputs Among Farming Households in Delta State, Nigeria
Abushe, O.P., Ekokogbe, O.O., Ebewore, S.O. and Aganagana, D.O.
The study examined the effects of rural-urban migration on arable crop outputs among farming households in Delta State Nigeria. A total of 346 rural household heads was sampled for the study. The objectives of the study were realized with the aid of descriptive statistics such as frequency counts and percentages. The hypothesis was tested using T test. The results from the study showed that the mean age of the rural household heads was 52 years. Majority (69.90%) of the rural household heads were male. Most (61.90%) of them were married with an average household size of 7 persons, and had an average of 1 dependent relative and 5 children. Most (78.60%) of the respondents harboured an average number of 2 permanent migrants and 2 temporary migrants. Farming was the major occupation of 74.90% of the respondents, while their average farming experience was 21 years. A majority of them grew maize, cassava and yam. The study also revealed that there were highly significant (p<0.01) differences in the levels of maize, cassava, and yam produced before and after migration of household members. It was recommended that government and stake holders should make effort to tackle the causes of rural-urban migration in order to reduce its effects on arable crops outputs, since it has been shown by the study that rural-urban migration had an effect in the level of arable crop output after migration of household members.    
Keywords: Effects, Rural-Urban, Migration, arable crop, output
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