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Gender Dimensions of the Determinants of Climate Change Perception in Farming Communities of Southwest Nigeria

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JAFE Vol.  9(1): 67-78, 2022
Ogunjinmi, K.O.
Gender perception analysis is a necessary precondition for developing climate change adaption interventions. This paper examined farmers’ perceptions of climate change in Ogun and Ekiti States Nigeria. A multi-stage sampling procedure was employed to select 358 male and 222 female farmers. Data were collected through a questionnaire and analyzed with frequency counts, mean, Chi-square, Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation (PPMC), t-test, linear regression analysis, and principal component analysis. The majority of the respondents had more than two decades of farming experience. There were differences in male and female farmers’ perception of climate change, with male farmers having a higher perception of climate change.  Significant associations (p<0.05) existed between male and female farmers’ perception of climate change and marital status (χ2, men=311.23, χ2, women=337.61), religion (χ2, men=204.73), (χ2, women=134.71), education (χ2, men=579.56), (χ2, women=662.36) and membership of other associations (χ2, men=150.16), (χ2, women=74.53). Age (t=17.54, p<0.01) and marital status (t=5.41, p<0.01) emerged as the strongest determinants of male and female farmers’ perception of climate change respectively. The study recommended explicit gender analysis of farmers’ perception as an inevitable action to be taken before the formulation of policies meant to improve adaptation to climate change.
Keywords:Climate change, determinants, farmers, gender, perception
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